The 5 Most Common Gynecological Issues

As a woman, there are certain issues that affect your body that a man will never experience. These gynecological problems can be acute or serious in nature depending on the diagnosis.

As a woman, there are certain issues that affect your body that a man will never experience. These gynecological problems can be acute or serious in nature depending on the diagnosis. While scheduling a GYN check-up in the Montgomery area each year is important, it’s also vital to know the signs of common gynecological problems. Whether you are 15 or 50, here are a few of the most common health issues facing women today.


Also known as cramps, this is an issue that plagues most women during their menstrual cycles. Even though it’s often crippling, many women never report it to their doctors. Primary dysmenorrhea typically begins a few days into the menstrual cycle. The cramping is usually felt in the lower abdomen and back. Secondary dysmenorrhea stretches beyond the menstrual cycle and, in some cases, can be contributed to endometriosis. If you experience an aching feeling in the abdomen, pressure, hip pain, upset stomach, or loose stools, you may be suffering from dysmenorrhea.

Ovarian Cysts

The ovaries are a part of the reproductive system. Each woman typically has two walnut-sized ovaries which produce eggs and hormones. In some cases, small sacks filled with liquid or a semi-solid substance develop on the ovaries. These ovarian cysts could be benign or malignant. Cysts could develop on the ovaries themselves or on the follicles lining the ovaries. When these cysts rupture, they cause severe pain. In some cases, they can also cause serious health complications.


Fairly common in women, this disease occurs when tissue grows on the outside of the uterus as opposed to the inside. Endometriosis can occur on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus. It’s thought that endometriosis is caused by the backing up of menstrual fluid into the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity. Those who suffer from this disease usually experience extremely painful cramps, chronic back pain, infertility, stomach issues, and painful urination.

The 5 Most Common Gynecological Issues

Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome

Considered the most common gynecological issue, it’s estimated that 5 out of 10 women of childbearing age experience PCOS. This disease is caused by the inability of one or both ovaries to produce eggs. However, the ovaries continue to create follicles as if an egg was being created—resulting in an excess of cysts. While the exact cause is unknown, many medical professionals believe that genetics play a key factor in the contraction of PCOS. Typically, symptoms begin to manifest themselves early in the teenage years. Weight gain, menstrual problems, acne, depression, and hair loss are all common signs of PCOS.

Urinary Tract Infection

Women are 10 times more likely to contract a urinary tract infection than men are. It’s caused by bacteria becoming trapped inside the urinary tract which then causes an infection. These bacteria can be caused by diabetes, pregnancy, E. coli, antibiotics, a blockage in the urinary tract, multiple partners, or frequent intercourse. Typically, the symptoms of a UTI include pain or burning during urination, the need to urinate more often, chills, fever, cramps, fatigue, and nausea.

If you’re experiencing one of the OB GYN problems in the Montgomery area, it’s important to meet with your gynecologist as soon as possible. With their help, you can begin treatment for these serious issues and to reduce your discomfort and pain.